Products

A Glossary to kitchen and bath products


In the world of appliances, where do you begin?

Refrigerators - Generally the hardest appliance to pick and choose due to the number of variations and options

  • Sizes - Different Heights, Widths and Depths

  • Counter Depth - The cavity of the fridge is approximately 24” deep

  • Full Depth - Compressor is located at back of fridge making them 27” to 29” deep

  • Freestanding - These are generally clad in stainless steel for the doors and have finished sides in either stainless or black

  • Built-In - These Fridges can have door panel added, but tend to have a metal trim around the entire appliance

  • Fully Integrated - These appliances are counterdepth and have overlay panels to conceal the appliance

  • Bottom Mount - The freezer is located on bottom in the form of a single or double drawer

  • French Door - Fridge has two doors that swing open to allow access inside

  • Coloumn - Either an all fridge single door or an all freezer single door

  • Fridge Drawers - Some brands offer base drawer refridgeration

  • Wine Fridge - Can be Tall or base models, with glass or stainless door, or fully integrated

  • Beverage Fridge - Typically are for small beverages and are undercounter with standard door or panelled

  • Dual Compressors - Higher end brands offer compressor for each cooling zone

  • Reversible - Some refridgerators come with standard hinge location, but can be reversed

  • Hinge Type - Hinges can be mounted externally (usually pivot point is at top) or are internal / concealed (built in and fully integrated)

  • Ice Maker / Water - Is an option on some models - Will require water line when installing

Ranges - Come with lots of different features and styles. You must first select your cooking method

  • Gas - Classic cooking using natural Gas or LP

  • Electric - Heating coils to heat glass top

  • Induction - Magnetic cooking that transfer heat directly to pots

  • Dual Fuel - Gas Burner with electric oven (most common)

Rangetop - Gass hobs with controls mounted on the front

Cooktop - Can be either gas, electric or induction with controls beside/between burners

Hoodfan - There are several types of ventitlation styles

  • Chimney Style - Usually Stainless steel, with wide capture area funneling fumes up through a stainless vertical duct

  • Pro Style - Large bulky restaurant or professional looking hoodfan usually made of stainless steel

  • Furniture Hood - Clad in same doorstyle/millwork as kitchen cabinetry, requires internal motor (blower and liner)

  • Built-in Hood - Blower is concealed within a standard looking cabinet

Dishwasher - There are generally three types

  • Standard - Either Stainless / White / Black with exposed control panel on front

  • Concealed - Typically stainless steel with control panel “concealed” on the edge of the d/w door

  • Fully Integrated - Overlay Cabinet Door makes D/W appear like millwork, control panel is concealed on edge of door

Ovens - In recent years, several types of wall ovens have been added to your choices

  • Standard Oven - Convection technology usually 30” or 27” widths

  • European - Usually refers to ovens with 24” width

  • Double Oven - Oven with two doors for double the capacity

  • Steam Oven - Using a built-in water resevoir to steam your food (a very healthy way to cook) Some models can be plumbed

  • Speed Oven - This uses a combination of microwave and oven technology (A true space saver)

Microwaves

  • Standard countertop microwave (sits on counter or shelf

  • Built in Microwave - Has a trim kit that integrated the microwave into cabinetry

  • Microwave Drawer - To be used in base cabinetry and opens like a drawer

  • Microwave/Vented - A combination micro mounted above a range, which in our opinion is dangerous and awkward

Other appliances to consider

  • Warming Drawer

  • Vacuum Seal Drawer

  • Built-in Coffee System

  • Ice Maker

Natural Stone (Granite, Quartzite, Soapstone, Marble and Limestone, etc)

  • Can be beautiful and unique

  • Offer different finishes (polished, honed, flamed, acid etched)

  • Requires protective sealant to guard against stain and routine wear and tear

Quartz - Natural mineral, mined out of ground. It is then pigmented and made into slabs using heat and pressure

  • Non-porous material requires no sealant and just needs water and soap to clean.

  • Many different colours and patterns from solid to real like stone veining

  • Most only come in sem-polish finish, with some brands offering matte finishes

  • Brands that we recommend include
    Cambria, CaesarStone, SileStone, and Vicostone

Porcelain - The new “kid” on the block. Think porcelain tile but in jumbo format

  • Super strong, non-porous, heat resistant, stain resistant

  • Lots of different colour variations and comes in polished and matte finishes

  • Has to be mitred for finished edges

Solid Surface - Think Corian. Its a plastic based acrylic polymer.

  • Non-porous surface

  • Soft to touch, matte finish only

  • Can be scratched and surface stain, however can be sanded to repair damage

  • Can be molded to create unique designs

  • Seams can be blended together

Concrete - Can be fun and unique to design, however there are some drawbacks

  • Requires lots of maintenance to keep looking new

  • Very porous, requires beeswax for constant protection

  • Has to be poured in thick slabs to prevent cracking and therefore makes it heavy

Stainless Steel - A wonderful surface that can’t be wrecked, if you don’t mind minor scratches.

  • Preferred by restaurant kitchens, for durability and cleanability

  • Can be welded and bent into different shapes and sizes

  • Stainless sinks and backsplashes can be formed into single units

Wood Countertops - Is a great choice for natural looking, warmth and old world charm

  • Can be made into butcher block

  • Can be quite expensive to produce

  • Does require maintenance, especially oiling to prevent wood from drying out and cracking

Laminate - Is the standard for many homeowners. Can be long-lasting and durable

  • Is still very popular, especially in Europe

  • Non-porous, easy to clean

  • Inexpensive

Often the handle choices for kitchen, bathrooms and many other spaces are overlooked. Its quite often we see projects with questionable handle hardware choices. Here are things to consider,

  • Touch and feel the handles before you buy

  • Ensure there is ample space between the back of the handle and the door. (does it pass the wedding ring test)

  • Function should dictate the size of handles, ie Larger appliance pulls for fridges,

  • Review handle/knob location with designer (check twice, drill once)

  • Coordinate handle finish with other hardware or finish materials

  • You don’t have to pick the same handle for all cabinetry


Framed Cabinetry - Traditional cabinet style where doors and drawers are divided by the frames of the cabinet. It has a more built-in and classic look. Is generally more expensive to build

Frameless Cabinetry - A module system where Doors and Drawers hide the cabinet

Door Styles - There are many types, however a majority will fall within 3 categories

  • Slab - simple flat surface with no detailing in door

  • Shaker - a framed door with a centre panel that is recessed in

  • Raised - Opposite of shaker, the centre panel is proud of the door

Door Finishes - Lacquer, Laminates, Wood, Veneer

Carcase Construction - Consist of 4 sides plus a backing. Most cabinets are made of either 3/4” or 5/8” thick furniture board or plywood. Depending on how the cabinet is assembled, the backing is a solid back 3/4” or 5/8” or a much thinner material like HDF panel

Drawer Box - The box in which items are put into consist of an

  • Metal drawer box with laminate bottom

  • All Laminate drawer box

  • All Wood drawer box with dovetail joinery

Soft Close - A generic term that describes either the drawer glides and hinges to close without any abrupt noise. Almost all new hardware now includes this as a standard feature.

Levellers - Plastic feet on the bottom of boxes to level the cabinet

Toekick - A plinth panel that is recessed on the very bottom of base or tall cabinets, to allow space for your feet.

Tiles

Ceramic

Concrete

Porcelain

Natural Stone Tile

Mosaics

Rectified Edges

Tile Patterns

Grout

Wall coverings

Wainscotting

Paint

Sinks

Faucets

Tub - Frestanding, Top/Undermount, Alcove, Skirt

Shower - Frameless vs Framed

Shower pan vs Custom

Shower Fixtures

Toilets - Standard vs Comfort Height
Elongated bowl, Tank types

Accessories